With a few simple tips and tricks, potting your houseplants is easy. If you want to change up your decor or your plants are overgrown, proper potting is the key to your plant’s success. Let’s take a look at what you should know before serving.
As we plan for a socially distanced summer, you may have tried to bring the outdoors in by ordering more houseplants or creating an indoor garden of fruits and vegetables. After all, plants are known to make people happier, calmer, and even help purify the air.
The thought of repotting your favorite plants can make you anxious. While you know your green friend will be happier in a bigger house, you worry that moving will kill him. But learning how to plants replant transplant a plant is easier than you might think, and helping it transplant is often better than leaving it as it is and hoping for the best. Plant doctor and stylist Maryah Greene says you should replant your plants for two reasons.
When should plants be replanted after purchase?
You may not want to replant your plants as soon as you receive them. If you’ve just received a new plant that’s still in a container, experts agree that you should give it a few days or even weeks to adjust to your home before transplanting them into another planter.
You may be interested in placing your plants in stylish new pots to match your decor. According to Erin Marino, director of brand marketing at The Sill, one of the main reasons you want to replant a plant is to provide it with fresh soil.
“Replanting a plant doesn’t necessarily mean changing the plant’s current planter, but changing its soil or potting mix, because fresh soil means new nutrients,” Marino told HuffPost Finds.
Another reason you might want to replant your plants? When it has outgrown the current pot – i.e. it is rooted. Richard Pham, manager of Little Shop of Soil in Bushwick, Brooklyn, says it’s time for a new home when the roots of the plants take up all the space and start growing from the bottom of the pots.
There are several symptoms to look out for with roots and potted plants, Pham says: Roots sticking out of drainage holes, plants lift or fall out of pots easily, there are more roots than soil, plants are drying out faster than usual, or the plant is drying out faster than usual It has been over a year since the plants were replanted.
“Transplanting is a stressful time for plants, so don’t try it too often,” Pham said. “Let the plant talk to you. It will tell you when your new home is ready.”
Simple steps how to plants replant
1. Remove the plant from the current pot or pot
Turn the plant over, gently hold the stem or leaf, and tap the bottom of the current container until the plant slides out. You may need to tug at the bottom of the stem a few times to give it a little momentum.
2. Pine root
Gently loosen the roots of the plant with your hands. You can cut off extra long filamentous roots, but be sure to leave the thicker roots at the base of the leaves. If your plant is rooted – the roots grow very tightly around the base of the plant – loosen and trim the roots as much as possible.
3. Remove old potting soil
Remove about a third or more of the old potting soil around the roots of the plants. During the growing process, your plant has removed some or all of the nutrients in the current mix, so consider giving it fresh potting compost or soil.
4. Add new potting soil
Pour a layer of fresh potting soil into the empty pot and pack, removing any air pockets. If your planter does not have drainage holes, cover the bottom with lava or similar (rock, gravel, etc.) before adding potting soil. The goal is to create crevices for the excess water, away from the roots of the plants.
5. Add your plants
Place your plant on a fresh mix layer in the planter, making sure it’s centered, then add more potting soil around the plant until it’s safe. Be careful not to fill the planter with too much soil: you want the roots to have room to breathe.
6. Pour in and enjoy
Sprinkle potting soil over it and water! Notably, fresh
How to repot a plant without killing it
1. Choose the right pot
When you replant a plant, you don’t necessarily have to transplant it into a larger plant. Sometimes your plant’s potting soil just needs to be updated to give it new nutrients. But if your plant is too large for its pot, choose a new plant that is slightly larger. “You want to make sure you find the right pot size for your original plant,” says Green. “Ideally, find something that’s 1″ to 2″ in diameter for extra space.” If you choose a pot that is too large, you may be at risk of overwatering and root rot (number one killer!), if This is more likely to happen with potting soil in which the plants are floating.
2. Buy the right soil
If you’re not sure what type of potting soil to buy, Spanger recommends a mix of 70% coarse-grained peat moss with 30% perlite. “You can identify perlite by the tiny round white dots in the soil that introduce air between other components,” she said.
When you replant your plants, start by filling the pot one-third of the way with fresh soil. “That way it has room for all the new roots,” Green said. “How much soil you add is usually a guessing game, but you can always add more.”
3. Check and loosen the roots
Now that you have everything you need to replant your plants, you can get started. “Once it’s out of the [old] pot, you can examine the root to see that it’s a perfect cylinder shape, and ideally we’d like to unravel the root so it can grow out,” Green said. “The roots can be a bit fragile, so don’t pull too much. You can use your fingers to remove as much dirt as possible without disturbing the system. The reason we get rid of the soil is that we replace it with new soil.”
If your plant is super rooted and has a very tight root ball, you may need to use a clean knife. Just make some cuts on the bottom and sides of the plant so you can loosen the roots.
4. Put your plants in their new home
After you’ve loosened the plant’s roots, it’s time to replant it. “After filling the bottom of the pot with fresh potting soil, place the root ball in the middle. You need to make sure the top of the root ball is lower than the rim so it has enough soil to cover,” says Spanger. “Once properly placed in the pot, gently add soil around and over the roots to allow them to move and grow.”
If soil is to be added, the soil needs to be photographed. “You want to do a finger test because if you put your finger on the ground, it will fall off and the ground is not tight enough,” Green said. “Tap it with two fingers. The roots grow like very dense, dense soil.” Leave about 1.5 to 2.5 centimeters of space at the top so the water doesn’t overflow the pot when you water. “This is the perfect time to concentrate factories,” she said. Finally, water lightly, then stop watering for at least a week to get used to it.
How to replant plants without killing them
To remove a plant from its current pot, turn the plant over, gently hold the stem or leaf, and tap the bottom of the container until the plant slides out. You may need to gently pull the bottom of the stem a few times to remove the plant.
“Use your hands to loosen the roots of the plant,” says Marino. “If your plant is rooted — the roots grow very tightly around the base of the plant — loosen the roots as much as possible and prune them.”
Cut away dead, mushy, discolored or overgrown roots with sharp shears or pruning shears to remove unwanted roots from plants, Mast says. She also recommends wiping the blade with rubbing alcohol between each cut to avoid spreading bacteria between the roots.
Mast also recommends avoiding repotting during extreme weather, such as heat waves, as it can put extra stress on the plants.
How to Add New Soil to Potted Plants
When your plants are ready to regenerate, remove about a third or more of the potting soil. Plants absorb a lot of nutrients as they grow, so they need fresh soil from time to time. Pour a fresh layer of potting soil into the new pot and bag, removing any air pockets. Just don’t wrap it too tightly – you want the roots to breathe.
Experts agree that you can generally use any houseplant mix, but Marino generally avoids anything with added benefits, such as “moisture control,” that could disrupt her usual plant care routine.
If your plants are healthy, you don’t need to remove all the old soil, says Pham. Simply loosen the soil at the bottom of the plant and allow the roots to grow freely. Fill any gaps with fresh soil, especially on the bottom and sides of the pot.
How often should houseplants be watered?
According to Pham, how often you water your plants can vary from week to week, or even month to month — it all depends on your plants and your home.
However, after replanting, your plants will need to be watered thoroughly before they can go into new pots. Water it until the water flows freely from the bottom of the plant. Let the plant “rest” so that all the water drains from the pot before placing it on the new dish. (You don’t want puddle water.)
“I recommend the touch test,” Master said. “Press your finger into the earth until it reaches your middle knuckle. If the soil feels wet, don’t water the plant and check again in a few days.”
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